The United Arab Emirates plans to the “Hope” on Wednesday to make history, will make it the first Arab country to explore Mars.

The rocket carrying the unmanned spacecraft is scheduled to take off from the remote Tanegashima Space Center in Japan at 5:51 a.m. local time (02:21 a.m. U.S. Standard Time), although severe weather may be delayed until the rise of the launch window on August 13 air. .

The Emirates Airline project is one of three races to Mars, including One from China and Mars 2020 from the United States, taking full advantage of the shortest time between Earth and Mars: only 55 million kilometers (34 million miles) apart.

But unlike the other two projects, the ’s Mars rover will not on the “red planet”.

“Hope” (or Al-Amal in Arabic) is expected to reach Mars orbit in February 2021, marking the 50th anniversary of the unification of the United Arab Emirates, a coalition of seven emirates.

Once there, it will cycle throughout the Martian year (687 days).

The probe is expected to be detached from the launch rocket about an hour after launch, when Sara Amiri, deputy project manager of the UAE Mars mission, said the real excitement will begin.

“In my heart, I look forward to the first 24 hours after the separation. This is where we see the results of our work,” said Amiri, who is also the Minister of State for the Ministry of Advanced Science.

She told AFP earlier this month: “This is the first time we received the signal. We knew that every part of the spacecraft was in operation, the solar panels were deployed, and we were flying along the trajectory to Mars.”

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Keiji Suzuki of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries took the “Hope” probe into space.

He said in a briefing on Monday: “The weather is going downhill.” “However, the current forecast does not last until a strong thunderstorm, so our current assessment is that there is a chance of launch.”

Ambitious

The UAE-known for its skyscrapers, palm-shaped islands and large attractions-has been working hard in recent years to expand its aerospace sector.

Although the purpose of the Mars mission is to provide a comprehensive picture of the weather dynamics in the atmosphere of the “red planet” and pave the way for scientific breakthroughs, the exploration is the basis for a larger goal-the establishment of human settlements within Mars for the next 100 years .

The UAE also hopes that the project will become a source of inspiration for Arab youth, who are often plagued by sectarian conflicts and economic crises.

Dubai hired architects to imagine what a Martian city would look like and rebuilt it as a “science city” in the desert at a cost of about 500 million dirhams (approximately 10.26 billion rupees).

In September last year, Hazza al-Mansouri became the first Emirates in space as part of a three-person that was launched from Kazakhstan on a Soyuz rocket He returned home after an eight-day flight mission, where he became the first Arab to visit the base. International Space Station.

Since the 1960s, dozens of probes (most of them are American probes) have set off to the “Red Planet.” Many people have never walked that far or failed to land.

It was not until less than a decade ago that people confirmed that the driving force for exploring Mars was that water once flowed on its surface.

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The mission’s project manager Omran Sharaf (Omran Sharaf) said in a briefing on Monday: “The uniqueness of this mission is that for the first time, the world’s scientific community will affect the Martian atmosphere at different times of the day and different seasons. Take an overall view.”

“We have developed a strategy to contribute to the global effort to develop and scientific work. If humanity decides to send humans to Mars, this will one day.”


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