On Monday, a United Arab Emirates spacecraft rushed into the blue sky from the Japanese launch center. This was the first interstellar mission in the Arab world, which took seven months to go to Mars.
The lift-off of the Mars orbiter called “Amar” or “Hope” triggered an urge to fly to Earth’s neighbors. China and the United States plan to follow up in the next few days.
Amal was delayed for five days due to local severe weather and took off on the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries H-IIA rocket from Tanegashima Space Center at 6:58 am local time.
Mitsubishi subsequently stated that the probe has successfully separated from the rocket and is currently flying solo to Mars.
Omran Sharaf, the head of the UAE Mars mission, told reporters in Dubai about an hour and a half after launching that the signal from the probe will be analyzed in the future, but everything seems to be fine for now. .
Amal will arrive on Mars in February 2021, the year the UAE celebrates its 50th anniversary. Shahraf said that in September of that year, Amal would start transmitting Martian atmospheric data and provide it to the international scientific community.
“The UAE is now a member of the club. We will learn more, we will invest more, and we will continue to develop our space exploration program,” said Mohammed Al Ahbabi, Director of the UAE Space Agency. Said at a joint online press conference from Tanegashima.
At the Mohammed bin Rashid Space Center in Dubai, Emirati men dressed in traditional white candola robes and women dressed in black Abayas watched the liftoff. When the stage separated, the men sitting on the floor cheered. They began to applaud and wipe away tears with his mask, which was worn due to the coronavirus pandemic.
“It’s nice to see that everything goes according to plan today. It looks like everything is on track. Astronomer Fred Watson said: “In terms of space exploration, there is a country like the UAE. It took a huge leap to send the spacecraft to Mars, which is a huge improvement. “To go to a planet like Mars is an extraordinary achievement. “
The UAE is a new member of space development and has successfully put three Earth observation satellites into orbit. Two of them were developed by South Korea and launched by Russia, and the third (Japan’s own) was launched by Japan.
A successful mission to Mars will be an important step in the search for the future of space for an oil-dependent economy, less than a year after the launch of Hazzaa Ali Almansoori, the first astronaut in the UAE. Last fall, he stayed on the International Space Station for more than a week.
The UAE has set a goal of establishing a human colony on Mars by 2117.
Sharaf told the Associated Press while preparing for the Associated Press on Sunday: “This sends a very strong message to young Arabs that if the UAE can reach Mars in less than 50 years, they can do More.”
The Emirati also admit that this is a big step forward for the Arab world, which has been the home of mathematicians and scientists for centuries, but the recent wars and chaos have enveloped it.
“So, the region has been in a difficult period for the past few decades,” Shahaf said. “Now we take the UAE as an example. The country is moving towards its plan and also looking forward to the future and future of the region.”
For the first mission to Mars, the UAE chose a partner instead of doing it itself.
“Even with sufficient funds, it is not easy to develop a spacecraft,” said Junya Terazono, an astronomer at Aizu University.
Scientists in the UAE collaborate with researchers from Boulder University of Colorado, University of California at Berkeley and Arizona State University. The spacecraft was assembled in Boulder and shipped to Japan because the two countries hope to expand ties with wealthy and politically stable Middle Eastern countries.
According to Sharaf, the Amal spacecraft and its launch cost US$200 million (approximately Rs 1,498 crore). Mars’ operating costs have not been disclosed.
Amal only has about one small car, carrying three instruments to study the high-altitude atmosphere and monitor climate change, while orbiting the red planet for at least two years. It is a follow-up study of NASA’s Maven orbiter sent to Mars in 2014 to study how the planet developed from a warm and humid world to today’s cold, barren place. This humid world may have been in its first billion years. With microbial life. Hope also plans to send back images of weather changes.
Japan has long cooperated with the United States and other partners in defense and space technology, and this resource-poor country has traditionally maintained friendly relations with Middle Eastern countries. Japan’s launch services are known for their accuracy and on-time records, but service providers are working hard to cut costs to improve international competitiveness.
Two missions to Mars are planned in the next few days. China’s goal is to use an orbiter and Mars to explore the surface of Mars, and plans to launch on Thursday to search for water and ice. The United States plans to send a roamer named “Perseverance” to look for signs of ancient life and collect rock and soil samples to return to Earth. The lift-off is scheduled to take place on July 30.
Japan plans to complete its own mission to Mars in 2024. Japan plans to send the spacecraft to the Mars probe Phobos, collect samples, and bring them back to Earth in 2029.
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