Sweden will use a scientific instrument to explore India’s Venus orbit “Shukrayaan”. Swedish Ambassador to India Klas Molin (Klas Molin) said that the Swedish Institute of Space Physics (IRF) participated in the project, which is its second cooperation project with the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

He told PTI: “IRF’s satellite instrument Venus Neutral Analyzer (VNA) will study how charged particles from the sun interact with the planet’s atmosphere and outer layers.”

“The new Venus mission means that the cooperation between IRF and ISRO will .”

According to Swedish officials, the VNA will be the ninth-generation micro-ion and ENA (High Energy Neutral Atom) instrument in the IRF series.

The first generation was named SARA (Sub-keV Atomic Reflection Analyzer) and was launched on the Indian space shuttle Chandrayaan-1, which explored the moon in 2008-2009. SARA consists of two sensors. One is a detector used to detect high-energy neutral atoms, and the other is an instrument used to measure the ion current in the solar wind.

They said the instrument studies how the plasma around the moon interacts with the moon, and the surface of the moon is not protected by the atmosphere or magnetic fields.

A Swedish official said: “For the first time in history, SARA can study high-energy atoms that were hit by the solar wind and fell from the surface of the moon.”

The SARA experiment is the first collaborative project between IRF and ISRO.

Regarding the overall cooperation with India in the space field, Morin said that Sweden can get a lot from its agencies and space technology companies. He said that India has ambitious ambitions to explore the universe, other planets, and send humans into space. “This department largely includes research and work related to aerospace technology and services.”

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Morin said: “Esrange’s unique space technology test platform function can also perform even more advanced tests on equipment and technologies that should be used in exploration activities.” Regarding the future of the two countries in the space field, the ambassador pointed out that India has recently established The National Space Promotion and Authorization Center (IN-SPACe) was established to provide a level playing field for private companies to use India’s space infrastructure.

He said this is part of the reform aimed at promoting private sector participation in all space activities. “The future is exciting because India is opening up the space market for commercial participants, and relaxing import and export restrictions, including allowing 100% foreign direct investment in satellite development and deployment. It is important to emphasize that ISRO will continue to be India The main customers of the next few years, but the market growth may be exponential,” said Morin.

According to ISRO officials, the Indian Space Agency has shortlisted 20 space-based experimental proposals, including those from France, because the Venus program proposed by the program will study the planet for more than four years. These include “cooperative donations” from Russia, France, Sweden and Germany. ISRO is preparing to carry out its first mission to Venus in June 2023.

An ISRO official said: “However, due to delays caused by the pandemic, we are currently reviewing the mission schedule.”

“The future launch opportunity is in 2024 or 2026.” It is pointed out that the optimal launch window (Venus is closest to the Earth) occurs approximately once every 19 months. Among the payload proposals put forward by India and internationally, the International Space Research Organization (ISRO) has received notifications about opportunities to conduct new space-based experimental research on Venus, 20 of which are shortlisted and are currently under review.

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According to the choice of the French space agency CNES, the one that has been selected is the French VIRAL instrument (Venus Infrared Atmosphere Linker) jointly developed with the Russian Space Agency Roscosmos, and the LATMOS atmosphere, environment and space observation experiment attached to the French National Institute of Science Room Center CNRS.

The scientific goal of the ISRO Venus mission is to investigate surface processes and shallow underground formations; ISRO claims that the solar wind interacts with the Venus ionosphere and studies the structure, composition and dynamics of the atmosphere.

The 2500 kg satellite planned to be launched on the GSLV Mk II rocket may have a payload capacity of 175 kg and a power of 500W.

The proposed orbit is expected to be approximately 500 x 60,000 kilometers around Venus. This orbit is likely to gradually decrease, reaching its lowest point (furthest point) a few months.

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