In a speech on Thursday, officials of the Department of Energy (DOE) issued a report, proposing a blueprint strategy for the development of a national quantum internet, which uses the laws of quantum mechanics to transmit information more securely than existing networks.
The agency is collaborating with universities and industry researchers on the project to create a prototype within ten years.
In February, scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago created a 52-mile (83 km) “quantum loop” in the suburbs of Chicago, establishing the longest land-based quantum in the United States One of the networks.
The goal is to create a parallel and safer network based on quantum “entanglement” or subatomic particle transmission.
The Department of Energy’s statement said: “One of the hallmarks of quantum transmission is that when information is passed between different locations, they are difficult to eavesdrop on.”
“Scientists plan to use this feature to build a network that is almost impossible to invade.”
The department said that early adopters may include banks and medical services, adding that there will be applications for national security and aircraft communications.
The statement added: “Ultimately, the use of quantum network technology in mobile phones may have a wide-ranging impact on the lives of individuals around the world.”
The institution’s 17 national laboratories will become the backbone of the upcoming quantum Internet, which has already received initial government funding.
David Aschalom, a professor at the University of Chicago and a senior scientist at the Argonne National Laboratory, said: “The basis of quantum networks lies in our ability to precisely synthesize and manipulate matter at the atomic scale, including the control of single photons.”
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