NASA’s next-generation Mars rover Perseverance exploded on the Atlas 5 rocket in Cape Canaveral, Florida on Thursday, using a $2.4 billion (approximately 179.74 billion rupees) mission to find traces of potential past lives on Earth’s planetary neighbors.
The next-generation robotic rover-a six-wheeled scientific vehicle the size of a car-is also planning to deploy miniature helicopters on Mars and test equipment for future human missions from the sun to the fourth planet. It is expected to reach Mars in February next year.
It soared into the sky under clear, sunny and warm conditions carried by the Atlas 5 rocket launched by the Boeing-Lockheed joint venture United Launch Alliance (United Launch Alliance). After the launch took place at the California Jet Propulsion Laboratory, the place where the mission engineer was located was hit by an earthquake.
This marks NASA’s ninth trip to the surface of Mars.
Perseverance is attributed to the bottom of a 820-foot (250-meter) deep crater named Jezero, a former lake 3.5 billion years ago. Scientists suspect it may have microbial life on Mars. Potential evidence.
Scientists have long debated whether Mars, a place once more hospitable than it is today, has ever had life. Water is considered a key component of life, billions of years ago, Mars had formed a lot of water on the surface before the earth became a harsh and desolate outpost.
One of the most complex actions in the Perseverance Journey is what mission engineers call the “seven minutes of horror”, which means that the robot is exposed to extremely high heat and speed as it descends through the Martian atmosphere and is deployed before igniting a small rocket engine A set of supersonic parachutes. Touch the surface of the earth lightly.
This is the third launch from Earth to Mars in a busy month after the surveys issued by the United Arab Emirates and China. Florida, the country where the rover was launched, is currently one of the hot spots for the coronavirus pandemic in the United States.
Perseverance is a 4-pound (1.8 kg) autonomous helicopter named Ingenuity, which is the first test flight on Mars.
Since the landing of NASA’s first Mars rover sojourner in 1997, the agency has sent two other people-Spirit and Opportunity, who have explored the geology of the vast Martian plains and found signs of past water layers and other discoveries. NASA also successfully sent three landers-Pathfinder, Phoenix and InSight.
The United States plans to send astronauts to Mars in the 2030s. The plan envisages returning to the moon as a test platform for human missions before the more ambitious crew goes to Mars.
Perseverance will conduct an experiment to convert elements in the carbon dioxide-rich Martian atmosphere into propellants, so that future rockets can be launched from the surface of the earth or generate breathable oxygen for future astronauts.
The rover is also designed to help bring Martian rock samples back to Earth, collect them in cigar-sized capsules, and then leave them in various locations on the ground for future “retrieval” rover retrieval. The planned rover is expected to launch samples back into space to connect with other spacecraft, and eventually return to the Earth around 2031.
© Thomson Reuters 2020