banking2 505 120320085352

Since 2019, in the current easing cycle, the policy repurchase rate has decreased by 135 basis points (bps), and most banks have lowered the fixed deposit rate; some banks have also reduced the savings deposit rate. Overall, between February 2019 and January 2020, the weighted average domestic time deposit rate (WADTDR) fell by 39 basis points. The weighted average loan interest rate (WALR) for fresh rupee loans fell by 61 basis points, while the weighted average loan interest rate for outstanding rupee loans fell by 12 basis points. Between February 2019 and January 2020. During this period, the monetary policy stance changed from a calibrated austerity policy to a neutral attitude in February 2019, and then to a policy in June 2019.

However, according to a recent monthly announcement by the Reserve Bank of India, at the bank group level, the transmission of deposit and loan interest rates is uneven, reflecting special factors. As far as WADTDR is concerned, foreign banks experienced the largest decline, with 124 basis points, followed by private sector banks (51 basis points) and public sector banks (29 basis points). Similarly, among fresh rupee loans, WALR fell the most in foreign banks (105 basis points), followed by public sector banks (62 basis points) and private banks (50 basis points). Foreign banks again noticed the largest decline in outstanding rupee loans was 46 basis points, and public sector banks fell by 21 basis points between February 2019 and January 2020.

bank graphics 120320082758

WADTDR's outstanding deposits continued to decline until September 2019. However, the WADTDR has declined sharply since October 1, 2019, when new floating rate loans for retail and micro and small business (MSE) loans were linked to external benchmarks. The announcement added that between October 2019 and January 2020, It has fallen by 32 basis points, compared with only 7 basis points in the past eight months.

See also  Android 11 beta 1 is here; this is how to install it on Pixel 2 and higher

Although the transmission of money markets and long-term interest rates has been rapid and almost complete, the transmission of deposit and loan interest rates has been ignored. It said that a key factor in the rapid and adequate transfer of bank loan interest rates was the long-term maturity of fixed-rate bank deposits. Even so, banks have been slow to adjust deposit rates. According to the external benchmarking system effective on October 1, 2019 for specific types of loans, the transfer of bank deposit rates will no longer depend on adjustments to deposit rates. Conversely, changes in interest rates on loans will cause changes in interest rates on deposits.

In terms of classification, 74 banks lowered their one-year currency-based loan interest rate (MCLR) marginal cost, while five banks increased their one-year MCLR. Eighteen public sector banks and seventeen private sector banks reduced their MCLRs, while three private sector banks increased their one-year MCLRs. According to the announcement, the median WALR charged by private sector banks is higher than that of public sector banks due to the higher one-year MCLR of private sector banks and the higher spread of MCLR by private sector banks. Higher MCLR reflects higher funding costs, while higher spreads reflect different loan portfolios and the quality of loan portfolios. Overall, despite recent improvements, transfers to bank lending rates, particularly outstanding rupee loans, remain inadequate.

bank graphics2 120320082757

In India, the banking system is a major component of the financial system, and effective transfers to bank deposits and loan interest rates are key to achieving the ultimate goal of monetary policy.

See also  Indian banks' March quarter profit surges 142% to Rs 606 crore

By Rebecca French

Rebecca French writes books about Technology and smartwatches. Her books have received starred reviews in Technology Shout, Publishers Weekly, Library Journal, and Booklist. She is a New York Times and a USA Today Bestseller...